EWS Full Form



The Full Form Of EWS Is The Economical Weaker Section. The term EWS is used for some families or individuals with incomes below a certain threshold. While there may be other financial considerations that determine the economic insecurity of citizens / households, income is a major factor. In the field of public policy, the term should be understood in terms of the preamble to the Indian constitution, and the pursuit of economic, political and social justice.

The central government recently implemented a 10 percent reservation quota for group members who are economically weaker in the general category population. In India, qualification for EWS certification is not limited to one yearly income worker.

The term EWS represents the weakest section of the economy. In India, EWS is a subclass of people belonging to the general category, whose annual income is less than Rs. 8 is not related to loops and other special classes like SC, ST, OBC. Candidates whose family income is more than the prescribed limit (8 lakhs) will be considered as EWS candidates and not general candidates.

On January 7, 2019, the Federal Cabinet approved a 10% reservation in government jobs and educational institutions for the Free Economy Division (EWS) in the general category. The Cabinet decided that this would be higher and higher than the current reservation of 50% for the SC / ST / OBC category.

On January 8, 2019, the Constitutional Act (One Hundred Twenty Amendment) of 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament, and was adopted on the same day. The bill was approved by the Rajya Sabha Senate on January 9th. President Ram Nath Kovind passed the bill on January 12, 2019 and a newspaper has published about the bill and turning it into law. On January 14, 2019, the 100th Amendment to the Indian Constitution amended Articles 15 (6) and 16 (6) of the Indian Constitution to allow 10% withholding in the EWS category. Several state ministries passed the law and announced their intention to implement a 10% EWS reservation.

On January 10, 2019, Youth for Equality, a non-governmental organization that opposes caste-based policies, challenged the proposed changes in India’s Supreme Court on the grounds that it would reduce the reservation limit by 50% set by the same court of commas; The group says it fully supports the EWS reservation, but wants it to happen by converting the current 27% of the OBC stake into a non-sectarian stake tested by economic instruments, so that the Supreme Court is steadfast within 50%. In contrast, the leaders of the backward welfare group also appealed to the Supreme Court, categorically opposing the EWS group’s booking, arguing that the EWS group did not meet the reservation criteria, previously set by the same court in the case.

On January 25, 2019, the Supreme Court refused to withhold the 10% reservation granted to the GEN-EWS category in government affairs and educational institutions. On August 6, 2020, the court ruled that 5 members of the judge would hear the case.

10℅ Reservation


The EWS definition has been introduced by the government. India, which is separate from the Economically Backward Class (EBC). The definitions of EBC and MEBC vary by country and institution. The Central Government recently introduced a 10% reservation quota for the Department of Poor Economy (EWS) for general category candidates.

The Central Government of India has implemented the Constitution Draft (One Hundred and Twenty Four Amendments) for 2019, which provides an additional 10% quota for EWS students among students from pre-reserved classes or general classes.

The terms Economic Weak Class (EWS) and Economically Backward Class (EBC) should not be confused with each other in India. The definition of EWS has been set by the Government of India while the definition of EBC and Most Economically Backward Class (MEBC) differs from country to country as well as institutions.

There is no official figure for the percentage of residents of India who fall into the EWS category, but they are given a reservation of 10 percent.

Eligibility for EWS certification is not only based on the family’s annual income but also on the assets owned. Central government sets income limits for admission to universities owned by the central government and jobs offered by the central government. State governments have the power to change the eligibility criteria, as well as increase the income cap for candidates looking for reservations under the EWS category, which will only apply to public colleges and state government affairs, depending on the states involved.

As of February 1, 2019, people belonging to weaker sectors of the economy have been granted a 10% reservation for education and government affairs in India, similar to OBC, SC, ST. There was great unrest among the people who came in various ways, including in the form of the anti-reserve movement.

What is the eligibility criteria to get an EWS certificate?


The Eligibility criteria to get an EWS certificate is given below.

  • Belonging to general category
    • 10% EWS reservation quota is given only for the General Category candidates. Other category candidates already have reservation benefits – OBC (27%), SC (15%), and ST (7.5%).

  • Personal family income is less than Rs. 8 lakh per year and is not included in the reservation classes like SC, ST and OBC.
    • Those who are not included in the reservation scheme for SC, ST and OBC and whose annual gross income is less than Rs 8 lakh (Rs eight lakh only), should be earmarked as EWS in favor of reservation. Revenue also includes revenue from all sources, ie. Wages, agriculture, occupation, occupation etc. For the financial year before the year of submission.
  • There is less than 5 hectares of agricultural land.
  • The area of residential land is less than 100/200 square yards.
  • A flat residential area of less than 1,000 square feet.

Therefore, the validity of an EWS certificate is not based on a single factor. This can take into account your annual income, the property owned, the apartment you live in, etc. The central government sets income limits for students who can be admitted to universities owned by the central government and the jobs offered by the central government. State governments can set different income limits for candidates seeking admission to state colleges and state government jobs through reservations in the EWS category.

Document required to get EWS certificate


Applicants must have all the required documents listed below when applying for the EWS Certificate.

  • ID proof
  • Property or land documents
  • Residential proof
  • Adhaar card
  • Self-declaration form
  • Photograph (passport size)
  • Other relevant documents.

How can you claim the benefit of EWS reservation?


You must obtain a “Certificate of Income and Property” from the relevant government authority (for example: Tehsildar).

EWS ordering benefits can be used to generate income and asset certificates issued by the relevant authorities.

An Income and Asset Certificate issued by one of the following officers in the prescribed form will only be accepted as evidence of a candidate’s claim with respect to the EWS.

Authorities which can issue an ‘Income and Asset Certificate’


  • District Magistrate/Additional District Magistrate/ Collector/ Deputy Commissioner/Additional’ Deputy Commissioner/ 1st Class Stipendiary Magistrate/ Sub-Divisional Magistrate/ Taluka Magistrate! Executive Magistrate/ Extra Assistant Commissioner
  • Chief Presidency Magistrate/Additional Chief Presidency Magistrate/ Presidency Magistrate
  • Revenue Officer not below the rank of Tehsildar
  • Sub-Divisional Officer or the area where the candidate and/or his family normally resides.


Regarding verification of EWS claims


The certification officer will only do so after carefully checking all relevant documents that follow the procedure specified by the respective country / UT.

The above instructions must be followed carefully so that it is impossible for any dishonest person to get a job based on a false claim, and if the person gets an appointment based on a false claim, terminate his service by including it in the conditions that you give. Display nomination.

Will the candidates under EWS get additional benefits (Eg: Relaxation in age-limit, number of attempts etc)?


Despite such suggestions initially, no items are allowed yet. Candidates joining the EWS will receive an order quota of only 10%. There will be no relaxation in terms of age or amount of effort. The same candidate will be in Open (General) Merit.

What is the difference between EWS reservation and OBC reservation?


27% is reserved for other backward class candidates among(OBCs). However, claims % of the reservation is permitted for the economically weakest sector among the general nominated categories.

Additionally, in addition to quotas, a reduction in age limit, number of options, and age limits is available for OBC, SC, and ST. So far, no concessions have been made regarding age limits or efforts of economically vulnerable candidates among the general category candidates. There may be separate EWS quota limits – on the same line from OBC, SC and ST.

When determining a candidate’s income for OBC, neither the candidate’s nor her spouse’s income is included. However, the definition of a family differs for an EWS share. This includes the candidate as well as the spouse.

Author: Admin